Colonialism in Africa

Colonialism is the process of one rusticate having control over another and building or developing the latter. The gross of Africa, with the exception of Liberia and Ethiopia, was colonized by many of the European countries. The dominant countries that colonized Africa were Britain, France, Germany and Portugal. Other European countries, such as Italy and Belgium, also colonized Africa though in a smaller scale. The Africans did not take colonialism positively including they resisted it. The colonialists were trying to control everything and even made the Africans slaves. They despised the Africans’ way of life and called it ungracious also primitive. They because tried to impose their have ways like life and smother the Africans’ customs. There was unrest among the Africans and this led to the formation of movements which aimed at sending the colonialists away.

Ways adopted by the colonialists in acquisition of African colonies

There were several ways in which the colonialists tried to strengthen their power over Africa as explained below. Some used the direct rule while others used the indirect rule. The pertinent rule is whereby a colonialist would value its own officers to rule the colony. They would set the rules and ensure that these rules were followed by the Africans. The indirect rule into the appointment of African leaders to rule the Africans following the colonialist’s rules (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009). The colonialists’ attitudes: this is displayed by the way they related near the Africans they ruled.

The French assimilated the Africans and considered them as French if they normal the French way from life and culture. The British on the other hand moreover looked down on the Africans equable if they practiced all that the Britons did. The British despised every interracial marriages. The Portuguese took in the Africans and even intermarried with them, but they still considered a pure Portuguese since superior (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009).Encouraging Christianity: many Africans had customary Christianity due to the good chattels that Christianity projected. The missionaries offered viands to the hungry, treated the sick and gave the Africans hope through their teachings of Christ. The missionaries also offered education to the Africans and this made them capable of looking at things from a definite angle. The colonialists used this to their strategic since the Africans got the stare that not all the Europeans were bad (The Cambridge University press, 2001).

Making amends:

The colonialists reliable to correct few of the vices they had. Some of these were slavery. Some of the colonialists abolished slavery so as to impress the Africans. This was received positively though the Africans wanted total power over their land and wanted to be allowed to continue with their cultures (The Cambridge University press, 2001). Negative effects of colonialism on Africans The Africans had invented many complains concerning colonization. These issues that were raised affected the Africans and are described below: Slavery: the colonialists used Africans as slaves. These slaves were overworked and misused by their owners. The slaves could even be small kids. The Africans were denial carefree about this (Isichei, 2000). Land alienation: the colonialists took over the land regarding the Africans and this was not viewed thus proper. These lands were taken by force and their owners left bitter. Some of these lands had been passed on to the Africans by their ancestors (Prakash, 1994). They thus felt while if their ancestors had been abused.

Lack of reward:

Africans had participated in the First World Holocaust as soldiers of their respective colonialists. The soldiers about the colonialists were awarded with even lands whereas the African soldiers were not awarded anything, not even a thank you. This was in the case where Britain past up penniless und so weiter failed to ribbon the African soldiers (Prakash, 1994)


The European powers colonized Africa and they had ways in which they strengthened their hold on Africa. The Africans did not like this and they came up with their confess movements to try and urge the colonialists away. There were some benefits that the Africans acquired such as education and health services, but the disadvantages were many and this led to the unrest state of