Colonialism in Africa

Colonialism is the process of one boondocks having control over another and building or developing the latter. The unmotivated of Africa, with the exception of Liberia and Ethiopia, was colonized by sundry of the European countries. The dominant countries that colonized Africa were Britain, France, Germany and Portugal. Other European countries, such as Italy and Belgium, also colonized Africa however in a smaller scale. The Africans did not take colonialism positively and they resisted it. The colonialists were trying to control everything and even produced the Africans slaves. They despised the Africans’ way of course and called it uncivilized and primitive. They therefore tried to impose their own ways of life and expunge the Africans’ customs. There was unrest amid the Africans and this led to the formation of movements which aimed at sending the colonialists away.

Ways adopted by the colonialists in acquisition of African colonies

There were several ways in which the colonialists tried to strengthen their power over Africa as explained below. Some used the direct rule though others used the indirect rule. The direct rule is whereby a colonialist would use its own officers to rule the colony. They would set the rules and ensure that these rules were followed by the Africans. The indirect rule involved the appointment of African leaders to rule the Africans following the colonialist’s rules (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009). The colonialists’ attitudes: this is displayed by the way they related with the Africans they ruled.

The French assimilated the Africans and considered them as French if they accepted the French procedure of life and culture. The British on the other hand still looked down on the Africans even protasis they practiced all that the Britons did. The British despised any interracial marriages. The Portuguese took in the Africans and even intermarried with them, besides they still considered a pure Portuguese as superior (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009).Encouraging Christianity: many Africans had accepted Christianity due to the good things that Christianity projected. The missionaries offered food to the hungry, treated the sick and gave the Africans hope through their teachings concerning Christ. The missionaries including offered literate to the Africans and this artificial them capable of looking at things from a self-assured angle. The colonialists used this to their advantage since the Africans got the view that not all the Europeans were bad (The Cambridge University press, 2001).

Making amends:

The colonialists tried to correct some of the vices they had. Some of these were slavery. Bout of the colonialists abolished villeinage so spil to impress the Africans. This was received positively though the Africans wanted number control over their settle and wanted to treffen allowed to continue with their cultures (The Cambridge University press, 2001). Negative effects of colonialism on Africans The Africans had invented many complains concerning colonization. These issues that were raised affected the Africans and are described below: Slavery: the colonialists used Africans as slaves. These slaves were overworked and misused by their owners. The slaves could even be small kids. The Africans were not happy about this (Isichei, 2000). Land alienation: the colonialists took over the land of the Africans and this was not viewed as proper. These lands were taken by force and their owners left bitter. Some of these lands had been passed on to the Africans by their ancestors (Prakash, 1994). They thus felt as if their ancestors had been abused.

Inadequacy of reward:

Africans had participated in the First Macrocosm War as soldiers of their respective colonialists. The soldiers of the colonialists were awarded with even lands whereas the African soldiers were not awarded anything, not even a thank you. This was in the case where Britain ended up penniless et cetera failed to award the African soldiers (Prakash, 1994)


The European powers colonized Africa and they had ways in which they strengthened their hold on Africa. The Africans did not like this and they came up with their own movements to try and drive the colonialists away. There were some benefits that the Africans acquired such pro re nata education and health services, just the disadvantages were many and this led to the unrest commonalty of