Colonialism in Africa

Colonialism is the process like one country having leash over another and construction oppositely developing the latter. The whole of Africa, with the exception regarding Liberia and Ethiopia, was colonized by many of the European countries. The dominant countries that colonized Africa were Britain, France, Germany and Portugal. Other European countries, such as Italy and Belgium, also colonized Africa though in a smaller scale. The Africans did not take colonialism positively and they resisted it. The colonialists were difficult to control everything and even made the Africans slaves. They despised the Africans’ idiosyncrasy of life and called it uncivilized and primitive. They therefore tried to impose their own ways like life and eradicate the Africans’ customs. There was anarchy midst the Africans and this led to the formation of movements which aimed at sending the colonialists away.

Ways adopted aside the colonialists in acquisition of African colonies

There were several ways in which the colonialists tried to strengthen their power over Africa as explained below. Some used the direct rule while others consumed the indirect rule. The direct lead is whereby a colonialist would use its own officers to rule the colony. They would disabuse the rules and safeguard that these rules were followed by the Africans. The indirect rule involved the appointment of African leaders to rule the Africans following the colonialist’s rules (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009). The colonialists’ attitudes: this is displayed by the way they related with the Africans they ruled.

The French assimilated the Africans and considered them as French whether they accepted the French way of life and culture. The British on the other hand still looked down on the Africans even if they practiced all that the Britons did. The British despised any interracial marriages. The Portuguese took in the Africans and even intermarried with them, but they inoperative considered a pure Portuguese as outstanding (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009).Encouraging Christianity: many Africans had accepted Christianity due to the good things that Christianity projected. The missionaries offered food to the hungry, treated the sick and gave the Africans hope through their teachings of Christ. The missionaries also offered education to the Africans and this made them capable of looking at things from a positive angle. The colonialists used this to their advantage since the Africans got the view that not all the Europeans were bad (The Cambridge University press, 2001).

Making amends:

The colonialists tried to correct some of the vices they had. Some of these were slavery. Some of the colonialists abolished slavery consequently ut supra to impress the Africans. This was received positively though the Africans wanted total control over their land and wanted to be allowed to extend including their cultures (The Cambridge University press, 2001). Negative effects about colonialism on Africans The Africans had made many complains concerning colonization. These issues that were raised affected the Africans and are described below: Slavery: the colonialists used Africans as slaves. These slaves were overworked and misused by their owners. The slaves could even be small kids. The Africans were not happy about this (Isichei, 2000). Land alienation: the colonialists took over the acre concerning the Africans and this was not viewed as proper. These lands were taken by force and their owners left bitter. Some of these lands had been passed on to the Africans by their ancestors (Prakash, 1994). They thus felt as suppositive their ancestors had been abused.

Sparsity about reward:

Africans had participated in the First World War as soldiers of their respective colonialists. The soldiers of the colonialists were awarded with even lands whereas the African soldiers were neither awarded anything, not even a thank you. This was in the case where Britain ended jump penniless and failed to award the African soldiers (Prakash, 1994)


The European powers colonized Africa and they had ways in which they strengthened their hold on Africa. The Africans did not like this further they came up among their own movements to try and drive the colonialists away. There were some benefits that the Africans acquired such qua education and health services, but the disadvantages were many and this led to the Sturm und Drang state of