Colonialism in Africa

Colonialism is the process of one country having control over another and building or developing the latter. The whole of Africa, along the exception of Liberia and Ethiopia, was colonized by many of the European countries. The domination countries that colonized Africa were Britain, France, Germany and Portugal. Other European countries, such as Italy besides Belgium, also colonized Africa though in a smaller scale. The Africans did not take colonialism positively and they resisted it. The colonialists were burdensome to superintend everything and uniform made the Africans slaves. They despised the Africans’ way regarding life and called it rude and primitive. They therefore tried to impose their own ways of path and eradicate the Africans’ customs. There was protest among the Africans and this led to the formation of movements which aimed at sending the colonialists away.

Ways adopted by the colonialists in acquisition of African colonies

There were several ways in which the colonialists tried to strengthen their power over Africa as explained below. Some used the clear rule while others used the indirect rule. The direct edict is whereby a colonialist would use its own officers to rule the colony. They would entrenched the rules and ensure that these rules were followed by the Africans. The indirect rule involved the appointment of African leaders to establish the Africans following the colonialist’s rules (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009). The colonialists’ attitudes: this is displayed by the modus vivendi they related with the Africans they ruled.

The French assimilated the Africans and considered them as French if they accepted the French way regarding life and culture. The British on the distinct hand still looked depressed on the Africans even if they practiced all that the Britons did. The British despised any interracial marriages. The Portuguese took in the Africans and even intermarried with them, but they still considered a pure Portuguese as superior (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009).Encouraging Christianity: many Africans had accepted Christianity expected to the good things that Christianity projected. The missionaries offered food to the hungry, treated the upset and gave the Africans hope through their teachings of Christ. The missionaries also offered education to the Africans and this made them capable regarding looking at things from a real angle. The colonialists used this to their preferential since the Africans got the view that nought all the Europeans were lamentable (The Cambridge University press, 2001).

Making amends:

The colonialists tried to correct some of the vices they had. Some of these were slavery. Some of the colonialists abolished slavery ergo as to impress the Africans. This was received positively though the Africans wanted total control over their land and wanted to be allowed to continue with their cultures (The Cambridge University press, 2001). Negative effects of colonialism on Africans The Africans had made many complains concerning colonization. These issues that were raised affected the Africans and are described below: Slavery: the colonialists used Africans as slaves. These slaves were overworked and misused by their owners. The slaves could even be small kids. The Africans were not happy about this (Isichei, 2000). Land alienation: the colonialists took over the land of the Africans and this was not viewed as proper. These lands were taken close bulldoze and their owners left bitter. Some of these lands had been passed on to the Africans by their ancestors (Prakash, 1994). They thus felt as if their ancestors had been abused.

Lack of reward:

Africans had participated in the First Temporality War as soldiers about their respective colonialists. The soldiers of the colonialists were awarded with even lands whereas the African soldiers were negative awarded anything, not even a thank you. This was in the case where Britain ended up penniless and failed to award the African soldiers (Prakash, 1994)


The European powers colonized Africa and they had ways in which they strengthened their hold on Africa. The Africans did not like this and they came up with their individual movements to try and drive the colonialists away. There were some benefits that the Africans acquired such as education and condition services, but the disadvantages were many and this led to the unrest state of