Colonialism in Africa

Colonialism is the process of one country having control over another and building or developing the latter. The whole of Africa, with the exception of Liberia and Ethiopia, was colonized by many of the European countries. The dominant countries that colonized Africa were Britain, France, Germany and Portugal. Further European countries, such as Italy and Belgium, also colonized Africa though in a smaller scale. The Africans did not take colonialism positively and they resisted it. The colonialists were trying to guide everything and even made the Africans slaves. They despised the Africans’ way of life and called it uncivilized and primitive. They therefore tried to impose their own ways of life and eradicate the Africans’ customs. There was unrest among the Africans and this led to the formation of movements which aimed at sending the colonialists away.

Ways adopted through the colonialists in acquisition regarding African colonies

There were several ways in which the colonialists tried to strengthen their power over Africa as explained below. Some used the direct rule while others used the indirect rule. The direct prevail is whereby a colonialist would use its own officers to rule the colony. They would set the rules and ensure that these rules were followed by the Africans. The circumstantiality rule involved the appointment of African leaders to rule the Africans following the colonialist’s rules (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009). The colonialists’ attitudes: this is displayed by the way they related with the Africans they ruled.

The French assimilated the Africans and considered them while French if they accepted the French way about life connective culture. The British on the other hand still looked down on the Africans even if they practiced all that the Britons did. The British despised any interracial marriages. The Portuguese took in the Africans and even intermarried with them, but they but considered a pure Portuguese comme il faut superior (USA Africa dialogue series, 2009).Encouraging Christianity: many Africans had accepted Christianity due to the good things that Christianity projected. The missionaries offered fodder to the hungry, treated the sick and gave the Africans hope through their teachings of Christ. The missionaries too offered education to the Africans and this made them capable of looking at chattels from a positive angle. The colonialists used this to their advantage since the Africans got the view that not all the Europeans were bad (The Cambridge Academy press, 2001).

Making amends:

The colonialists tried to precise some of the vices they had. Some of these were slavery. Some from the colonialists abolished slavery so as to impress the Africans. This was received positively though the Africans wanted total command over their demesne and wanted to be allowed to continue with their cultures (The Cambridge University press, 2001). Negative effects of colonialism on Africans The Africans had made many complains concerning colonization. These issues that were raised affected the Africans including are described below: Slavery: the colonialists used Africans spil slaves. These slaves were overworked and misused handy their owners. The slaves could even be unimportant kids. The Africans were not happy about this (Isichei, 2000). Land alienation: the colonialists took over the land of the Africans and this was not viewed as proper. These lands were taken past force and their owners left bitter. Some of these lands had been passed on to the Africans by their ancestors (Prakash, 1994). They thus felt quasi if their ancestors had bot abused.

Lack of reward:

Africans had participated in the First World War as soldiers of their respective colonialists. The soldiers of the colonialists were awarded with even lands whereas the African soldiers were not awarded anything, neither even a credit you. This was in the case where Britain over up penniless and failed to award the African soldiers (Prakash, 1994)


The European powers colonized Africa and they had ways in which they strengthened their hold back on Africa. The Africans did not like this and they came up with their own movements to try and drive the colonialists away. There were some benefits that the Africans acquired such as education and health services, but the disadvantages were many and this led to the unrest state of