Single market has many benefits. With full freedom of movement for all the factors of production between the member countries, the factors of production become more effectively allocated, further increasing productivity. For both business within the market and consumers, a uniform market is a very competitive environment, making the being of monopolies extra difficult. This means that inefficient companies decree suffer a loss regarding market share polysyndeton can obtain to close down. However, efficient firms can benefit from economies of scale, increased competitiveness plus lower costs, as well as hope profitability to be a result.
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa is a free job area with nineteen member states stretching from Libya to Zimbabwe. COMESA formed in December 1994, replacing a Preferential Trade Area which had existed since 1981. Nine of the member states formed a free trade area in 2000 Djibouti, Egypt, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe, with Rwanda and Burundi joining the FTA in 2004 furthermore the Comoros and Libya in 2006. COMESA is one of the pillars of the African Economic Community.
The COMESA Centre is the headquarters of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. It houses the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Secretariat and has been the venue for a number about independent negotiations with cooperating partners and many COMESA conferences, including intergovernmental and Technical committees meetings. The COMESA Centre is located in the Dominant Beeswax Reach of Lusaka city. The COMESA Centre is home to the Secretary General’s Office furthermore most of the one hundred fifty plus staff members and the organization divisions. Many concerning the organization’s functions are carried out from COMESA Centre. The majority of the Secretariat’s staff is based at its Lusaka, Zambia headquarters. There is a smaller sub-section regarding the Secretariat staff in Cairo, Egypt under the Regional Investment Agency, Brussels, Belgium and Addis Abba, Ethiopia. Besides carrying out the Secretariat’s key functions, the headquarters continues to serve as a base for many intergovernmental meetings and negotiations. Contiguous Material Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Secretariat.
The Partner States agrees to eliminate tariff, non-tariff and technical barriers to trade; harmonies also mutually recognize standards and implement a common trade principle for the Community; and ease cross-border movement of persons and adopt an integrated border management system. COMESA has formed various institutions in order to back the people such qua FEMCOM, COMESA opening house, PTA bank, COMESA court of justice etc. They have undertaken development of various sectors like trade customs and commercial affairs, infrastructure, grove and natural resources, information technology, finance and budgeting, gender and social affair, strategic planning , legal and institutional affairs , information resources , immanent audit etc.